What is comorbidity and how will I know if I have it?

Up till today, many people have been wondering about what is the actual meaning of comorbidity and how will they know if they have it? Do the people with some comorbidities get their Covid 19 vaccine (Vaksin Covid 19)? What do they need to do to treat the comorbidities? In this article, we will discuss more about comorbidity.

            Comorbidity refers to the existence of two or more health problems happening in a person, either simultaneously or successively. Conditions explained as comorbidities frequently happened for a long time. If two or more sicknesses happened at one time or right after the other, it is also called comorbidity. Comorbidity is also being addressed with many names such as co-occurring conditions, co-existing conditions, and irregularly, various chronic conditions, together with multimorbidity.

            There are plenty of possibilities for comorbidities, from co-occurring mental health problems and misuse of drugs, to coexisting conditions including problems with physical illness or mental health for example cancer and major depression disorder. There are many sicknesses that are most likely to coexist with others for many reasons. It is because the risk factor for those specific diseases is the same, so that the person may get each of the diseases. Apart from that, the symptoms of one sickness can lead a person to another. For example, people who are suffering from anxiety usually will be predisposed to drugs or alcohol as a treatment in order to reduce their symptoms.

            To date, many conditions have frequently turned-out comorbidities. The first is obesity. In reality, there are around 236 types of health problems in the medical field that are mainly caused by obesity, according to the Obesity Medicine Association. People who are obese are more common to get comorbidities such as:

1.      Insulin resistance: A condition that can be considered as the pioneer to type 2 diabetes

2.      Type 2 diabetes

3.      Hypertension: Increase in the blood pressure

4.      Dyslipidemia: Increase in the level of blood lipid, for example high level of cholesterol in the blood.

5.      Heart diseases

6.      Stroke

7.      Arthritis

8.      Sleep apnea: A disorder of sleep which your breathing is continuously stop for a second of time

9.      Gallbladder disease: Disorder related to the gallbladder for example cancer and gallstones

10.  Hyperuricemia: Increase in the level of uric acid in the blood which later may cause gout problem

11.  Osteoarthritis: A disease in which your joint has become degenerative.

12.  Some types of cancer: For example, colorectal cancer and breast cancer, along with the gallbladder cancer

13.  Stress and depression

            Apart from that, diabetes is also associated with the comorbidities, they are:

1.      Dyslipidemia

2.      Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

3.      Heart disease for example congestive heart disease or coronary artery disease

4.      Kidney disease

5.      Obesity

            Furthermore, one of the most common comorbidities in the psychiatric field is anxiety disorder and depression. National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) said that approximately 60% of patients that experienced anxiety disorder will also experience the symptoms of depression and vice versa. Most of the psychiatric disorder such as:

1.      Post-traumatic stress disorder

2.      Panic disorder

3.      Social anxiety

4.      Generalized anxiety disorder

5.      Obsessive-compulsive disorder             To date, there are some treatments that we can do to manage the disorders from getting worse. The most important thing to take in consideration is to have a consultation and a proper planning among the healthcare provider and some health organizations. This step includes for those who experienced various psychiatric disorders and some physical morbidities. During the hospitalization, the patient usually needs some assistance and support from some organizations for example agencies of the healthcare and agencies that supply social services, to fulfill their needs after being unable to go for work anymore because of a major disability as well as physical care and many more.

Leave a Comment