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How To Write Strong Starting And Concluding Paragraphs In Essay?

Want to make a good impression on the readers? Here is the essay help for writing the introduction and conclusions. Both strong starting and concluding paragraphs play an important role in making any essay awesome. In the introduction, it is explained what points will be made in the upcoming paragraphs of the essay and then in the conclusion, the summary of the points made is done.

The general structure of an essay includes an introduction (that contains a thesis statement), a body (detailed analysis and arguments based on thesis statement), and a conclusion (summarizing the essay). So here we are going to first discuss how to write a strong starting paragraph followed by a concluding paragraph.

Get to know how to write a strong Starting Paragraph?

For any type of writing, whether it is an essay, research paper or any other project, a strong introduction is a good start for your work. Starting with Introduction – the first paragraph of an essay, research paper, or any writing is known as an introduction. The main aim of the introduction is to

  •     attain the reader’s attention
  •     provide a good background on the essay’s topic
  •     state the thesis statement


Following are the things that a good introduction or starting paragraph must have –

Step 1. Spark the reader’s attention – Start the introduction with a hook (it is the first sentence of an essay introduction which acts as a bridge between the readers and the essay. Good ‘hook’ must not be long, dense sentences but should be clear, concise and catchy that can attract the reader’s attention). And then introduce the general topic.

How to create a hook?

  • Write an interesting fact/stats about the essay’s topic
  • Pose a rhetorical question        
  • Reveal a common misconception about the topic        
  • Set the scene of the story: who, when, where, what, why, how?        
  • Share a humorous short story (anecdote) that captures the topic        

The first sentence of the essay is helpful in setting the tone of the whole essay. So, write to write an effective hook.

Step 2. State the focused topic – after dealing with the hook, start writing one or two statements showing the focus of your essay i.e. what is the essay about? Or why is the topic important? This part of the introduction is to show the background information. This might include

  • Historical/geographical/ social context regarding the essay
  • An outline of the debate you’re addressing    
  • Summary of related theories/research about the essay’s topic    
  • Definitions of key terms    

Details provided here must be focused and relevant to the topic.

Step 3. Thesis Statement (the central point of the essay) – after step 2, write the thesis statement which depends on the type of essay you are going to write. The thesis statement should be clear and easy to find. Mostly, the Thesis statement is the last sentence of the essay.

Thesis statement must include

  • The specific topic        
  • Main point about the essay’s topic        
  • Points of discussion that will be included in the essay        

The main thesis statement is to show the central point about the essay’s topic.

Essay help online: checklist for introduction

After writing the essay’s introduction, check whether the following points are present in your Starting paragraph or not

  • The first sentence is engaging and relevant.
  • Introduced the topic with necessary background information.
  • Defined any important terms.
  • The thesis statement represents the main point or argument.
  • Everything in the starting paragraph is relevant to the main body of the essay.

How to write a strong Concluding Paragraph?

Even people like movies that have a perfect ending such as essays. So let’s learn more about how to write an effective concluding paragraph.

After completing the introduction and body of the essay, it sometimes feels tiring how to give a beautiful ending or how to start the concluding paragraph. A good conclusion must not include new information and there should not be any repetition of content whereas the paragraph must contain information systematically.

Basically, the conclusion paragraph contains two parts – a summary of the essay’s main point and a final comment on the topic of the essay.

Conclusion outline

Here is the sample structure for the concluding paragraph

  1. Topic sentence
  2. About thesis statement
  3. Make a summary of the essay’s main points and explain how it fits together
  4. Aat last, the Closing sentence
    1.  Give your reader closing words
    1. Retell the introduction differently
    1. Write essay’s significance and its role

5 Effective Strategies for writing Conclusion

Now here are strategies (most proven) that will be helpful in teaching how to write a concluding paragraph for an essay, research paper or other assignment/projects.

Strategy 1: Introduction’s echo

First, check the introduction and read the thesis statement. After this, without repeating the content of the introduction, write the paragraph showing the gist of the overall essay and try to persuade the readers that the content written is all true.

Strategy 2: Information synthesizing

One of the effective strategies is to try to not summarize the content of the introduction and body of the essay. But writing the concluding paragraph in a different way of retelling the content’s introduction and body by adding a new meaning to the paragraph and viewing the facts/information from a new perspective. It doesn’t mean adding new information in the ending paragraph but mentioning advanced information like results, consequences and implications of the content mentioned in the introduction and body of the essay/ research paper.

Strategy 3: Redirect the readers

One of the other ways to write a concluding paragraph is to show the readers new opportunities for research or make the readers think about some part of the topic by asking them some questions.

Strategy 4: Challenge the readers

You can make the readers feel how the content written in the essay will be helpful in their daily lives or how it will be helpful for the environment. Force the readers to think about how to use the written content in practical ways.

Strategy 5: Look into the future

One more effective strategy for writing concluding paragraphs is to connect the content written in the essay to other similar topics.

So, above are the strategies that will be helpful in writing better conclusions and making a positive impression on the readers.

Things to avoid while writing the conclusion –

  • don’t include new ideas or topic or information in the ending paragraph
  • don’t just rephrase the thesis statement
  • show you are confident, don’t apologize for any information. Never use phrases like “I’m not an expert, but…”

Perfects words to start the conclusion

Here are some transitions words that can be used while starting the summary of the essay-

    In summary                   To sum up

    In conclusion                 Briefly

    Finally                           In a word

    In sum                          In the end

    To conclude                   Thus

    On the whole                  Ultimately


By following the detailed information provided above, you can write both strong starting and concluding paragraphs that will ultimately result in a strong essay. So start practicing and impress readers with your awesome essays.